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Celtic artwork is well known for its interlaced knotwork, which is found on stone crosses and jewellery, but was given its ultimate expression in illuminated manuscripts. The most remarkable of these is the Book of Kells, which includes the four gospels and consists of several hundred pages that are illustrated with the most elaborate knotwork patterns. The intricate pathways of the knots are said to represent the arduous journey undertaken by the Christian pilgrim.

The Book of Kells was produced by Irish monks in the 6th Century, possibly in the Hebridean monastery of Iona. It now belongs to Trinity College, Dublin.

The animation of the link shown above is by Nick Mee and is taken from the CD-ROM 'Art and Mathematics' published by Virtual Image.