in Space


Cellular Automata

Class 1: Static

Class III: Chaotic

Cosmic Structure

Class II: Periodic

Class IV: Complexity

Stephen Wolfram classified the patterns formed by one-dimensional cellular automata. This page shows patterns produced by representatives of each of Wolfram’s classes.

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Stephen Wolfram has pointed out the similarity between cone shell markings and the patterns produced by one-dimensional cellular automate, suggesting that the markings may be produced by a chemical analogue of a one-dimensional cellular automaton.